NT-proBNP and its correlation with in-hospital mortality in the very elderly without an admission diagnosis of heart failure

Riccardo Sarzani, Francesco Spannella, Federico Giulietti, Massimiliano Fedecostante, Piero Giordano, Pisana Gattafoni, Emma Espinosa, Franco Busco, Gina Piccinini, Paolo Dessì-Fulgheri

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Abstract

Background The diagnosis of heart failure (HF) is often difficult and underestimated in very elderly comorbid patients, especially when an echocardiographic evaluation is not available or feasible. Aim: to evaluate NT-proBNP values and their correlation with in-hospital mortality in a population of very elderly hospitalized for medical conditions other than HF. Methods We performed a prospective observational study on 403 very elderly admitted to an Internal Medicine and Geriatrics Department. Exclusion criterion was an admission diagnosis of HF. Patients with at least one symptom or sign compatible with HF were tested for NT-proBNP. NT-proBNP values <300 pg/ml were considered as an age-independent exclusion criterion for HF (high negative predictive value), while NT-proBNP values ≥ 1800 pg/ml were considered as a diagnostic criterion. Main comorbidities and laboratory parameters were considered to adjust regression analyses between NT-proBNP and in-hospital mortality. Results NT-proBNP values ≥ 1800 pg/ml were present in 61.0% of patients and 32.8% of patients laid between 300 ≥ NT-proBNP <1800 pg/ml values. NT-proBNP values were associated with the main indices of disease severity/organ failure considered such as reduced eGFR, reduced albumin and elevated CRP. NT-proBNP values ≥ 1800 pg/ml and ln(NT-proBNP) values were significantly associated with in-hospital mortality independently from the main comorbidities and lab parameters considered. The patients, who were already taking ACE inhibitors/Angiotensin Receptor Blockers before admission, showed lower in-hospital mortality. Conclusions Testing for NT-proBNP should be strongly recommended in the hospitalized very elderly, because of the very high prevalence of underlying HF and its impact on in-hospital mortality, to identify an underlying cardiac involvement that requires appropriate treatment.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere0153759
JournalPLoS One
Volume11
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - Apr 1 2016

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)
  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Medicine(all)

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    Sarzani, R., Spannella, F., Giulietti, F., Fedecostante, M., Giordano, P., Gattafoni, P., Espinosa, E., Busco, F., Piccinini, G., & Dessì-Fulgheri, P. (2016). NT-proBNP and its correlation with in-hospital mortality in the very elderly without an admission diagnosis of heart failure. PLoS One, 11(4), [e0153759].