Nuclear diacylglycerol kinase-ζ is a negative regulator of cell cycle progression in C2C12 mouse myoblasts

Camilla Evangelisti, Pier Luigi Tazzari, Massimo Riccio, Roberta Fiume, Yasukazu Hozumi, Federica Falà, Kaoru Goto, Lucia Manzoli, Lucio Cocco, Alberto M. Martelli

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The nucleus contains diacylglycerol kinases (DGKs), i.e., the enzymes that, by converting diacylglycerol (DG) into phosphatidic acid, terminate DG-dependent events. It has been demonstrated that nuclear DGK-ζ interferes with cell cycle progression. We previously reported that nuclear DGK-ζ expression increased during myogenic differentiation, whereas its down-regulation impaired differentiation. Here, we evaluated the possible involvement of nuclear DGK-ζ in cell cycle progression of C2C12 myoblasts. Overexpression of a wild-type DGK-ζ, which mainly localized to the nucleus (but not of a kinase dead mutant or of a mutant that did not enter the nucleus), blocked the cells in the G1 phase of the cell cycle, as demonstrated by in situ analysis of biotinylated-16-dUTP incorporated into newly synthesized DNA and by flow cytometry. In contrast, down-regulation of endogenous DGK-ζ by short interfering RNA (siRNA) increased the number of cells in both the S and G2/M phases of the cell cycle. Cell cycle arrest of cells overexpressing wild-type DGK-ζ was accompanied by decreased levels of retinoblastoma protein phosphorylated on Ser-807/811. Down-regulation of endogenous DGK-ζ, using siRNA, prevented the cell cycle block characterizing C2C12 cell myogenic differentiation. Overall, our results identify nuclear DGK-ζ as a key determinant of cell cycle progression and differentiation of C2C12 cells. - Evangelisti, C., Tazzari, P. L., Riccio, M., Fiume, R., Hozumi, Y., Falà, F., Goto, K., Manzoli, L., Cocco, L., Martelli, A. M. Nuclear diacylglycerol kinase-ζ is a negative regulator of cell cycle progression in C2C12 mouse myoblasts.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3297-3307
Number of pages11
JournalFASEB Journal
Volume21
Issue number12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2007

Keywords

  • Lipid-dependent signaling pathways
  • Nucleus
  • Phosphorylated pRB
  • siRNA

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences (miscellaneous)
  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Biochemistry
  • Cell Biology
  • Medicine(all)

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