Nuclear DNA content and pathology in radically treated pancreatic carcinoma: The prognostic significance of DNA ploidy, histology and nuclear grade

Massimo Rugge, Fulvia Sonego, Fausto Sessa, Gioacchino Leandro, Carlo Capella, Cosimo Sperti, Claudio Pasquali, Francesco Di Mario, Sergio Pedrazzoli, Vito Ninfo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

BACKGROUND. Nuclear DNA content and pathology are considered to be prognostically relevant in a several solid tumors, but controversial findings have emerged in pancreatic carcinoma (PC). Histopathology and DNA ploidy were each correlated with survival in radically treated PC to ascertain the hierarchy of their prognostic significance. METHODS. DNA ploidy was assessed by flow cytometry (FC) in neoplastic tissue samples from 60 patients with PC who were followed until death. Representative neoplastic areas were obtained by microdissection from archival paraffin embedded material (excluding any carcinoma with a coefficient of variation of the G0/G1 peak higher than 8%). Histologic data and FC patterns were related to prognostic behavior using univariate multivariate statistical analysis. RESULTS. Aneuploid cancers were detected in 39 of 60 patients. Univariate analysis showed that histologic grade, nuclear grade, and ploidy were significantly related to prognosis. On multivariate analysis, only histologic grade and DNA ploidy (diploid vs. aneuploid) were significant with significant interaction. CONCLUSIONS. The prognostic value of pathology and ploidy was demonstrated in patients treated radically for PC. As in other tumors characterized by a short survival, the clinical usefulness of any prognostic parameters is somewhat limited. However, the significant relationship between prognosis and DNA ploidy might be of interest in a cost-benefit analysis for selecting patients in whom an attempt at radical surgical treatment or adjunctive chemotherapy may be justified.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)459-466
Number of pages8
JournalCancer
Volume77
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 1 1996

Keywords

  • DNA ploidy
  • histology and DNA ploidy
  • nuclear grade and ploidy
  • pancreatic carcinoma
  • ploidy and prognosis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cancer Research
  • Oncology

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