Nuclear Nox4 role in stemness power of human amniotic fluid stem cells

Tullia Maraldi, Marianna Guida, Manuela Zavatti, Elisa Resca, Laura Bertoni, Giovanni B. La Sala, Anto De Pol

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Human amniotic fluid stem cells (AFSC) are an attractive source for cell therapy due to their multilineage differentiation potential and accessibility advantages. However the clinical application of human stem cells largely depends on their capacity to expand in vitro, since there is an extensive donor-to-donor heterogeneity. Reactive oxygen species (ROS) and cellular oxidative stress are involved in many physiological and pathophysiological processes of stem cells, including pluripotency, proliferation, differentiation, and stress resistance. The mode of action of ROS is also dependent on the localization of their target molecules. Thus, the modifications induced by ROS can be separated depending on the cellular compartments they affect. NAD(P)H oxidase family, particularly Nox4, has been known to produce ROS in the nucleus. In the present study we show that Nox4 nuclear expression (nNox4) depends on the donor and it correlates with the expression of transcription factors involved in stemness regulation, such as Oct4, SSEA-4, and Sox2. Moreover nNox4 is linked with the nuclear localization of redox sensitive transcription factors, as Nrf2 and NF-κB, and with the differentiation potential. Taken together, these results suggest that nNox4 regulation may have important effects in stem cell capability through modulation of transcription factors and DNA damage.

Original languageEnglish
Article number101304
JournalOxidative Medicine and Cellular Longevity
Volume2015
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cell Biology
  • Ageing
  • Biochemistry

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