Regulated mRNA turnover is a highly important process, but its mechanism is poorly understood. Using interleukin-2 (IL-2) mRNA as a model, we described a role for the JNK-signaling pathway in stabilization of IL-2 mRNA during T-cell activation, acting via a JNK response element (JRE) in the 5' untranslated region (UTR). We have now identified two major RNA-binding proteins, nucleolin and YB-1, that specifically bind to the JRE. Binding of both proteins is required for IL-2 mRNA stabilization induced by T-cell activation signals and for JNK-induced stabilization in a cell-free system that duplicates essential features of regulated mRNA decay. Nucleolin and YB. 1 are required for formation of an IL-2 mRNP complex that responds to specific mRNA stabilizing signals.
|Number of pages||13|
|Journal||Genes and Development|
|Publication status||Published - May 15 2000|
- T-cell activation
- Trans-acting factors
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Developmental Biology