Nucleophosmin is required for DNA integrity and p19Arf protein stability

Emanuela Colombo, Paola Bonetti, Eros Lazzerini Denchi, Paola Martinelli, Raffaella Zamponi, Jean Christophe Marine, Kristian Helin, Brunangelo Falini, Pier Giuseppe Pelicci

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Nucleophosmin (NPM) is a nucleolar phosphoprotein that binds the tumor suppressors p53 and p19Arf and is thought to be indispensable for ribogenesis, cell proliferation, and survival after DNA damage. The NPM gene is the most frequent target of genetic alterations in leukemias and lymphomas, though its role in tumorigenesis is unknown. We report here the first characterization of a mouse NPM knockout strain. Lack of NPM expression results in accumulation of DNA damage, activation of p53, widespread apoptosis, and mid-stage embryonic lethality. Fibroblasts explanted from null embryos fail to grow and rapidly acquire a senescent phenotype. Transfer of the NPM mutation into a p53-null background rescued apoptosis in vivo and fibroblast proliferation in vitro. Cells null for both p53 and NPM grow faster than control cells and are more susceptible to transformation by activated oncogenes, such as mutated Ras or overexpressed Myc. In the absence of NPM, Arf protein is excluded from nucleoli and is markedly less stable. Our data demonstrate that NPM regulates DNA integrity and, through Arf, inhibits cell proliferation and are consistent with a putative tumor-suppressive function of NPM.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)8874-8886
Number of pages13
JournalMolecular and Cellular Biology
Issue number20
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2005

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Biology
  • Genetics
  • Cell Biology


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