Nutraceuticals for dry age-related macular degeneration: a case report based on novel pathogenic and morphological insights

R Pinelli, M Bertelli, E Scaffidi, M Polzella, F Fulceri, F Biagioni, F Fornai

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Age-related macular degeneration represents the main retinal disorder leading to irreversible blindness in people over the age of 50 in the Western World. Here we describe a case report, which suggest that specific nutraceutical compounds may exert beneficial effects on the progression of dry age-related macular degeneration (AMD), an eye disease with no approved treatment or cure. Specific antioxidants, such as lutein, resveratrol and Vaccinium Myrtillus, which are known to reduce the risk of developing AMD, when co-administered alone, were supplemented to diet of an informed patient suffering from dry AMD. The case report indicates an improvement of visual acuity and a long lasting decrease in druse volume and number. The concomitant intake of lutein, resveratrol and Vaccinium Myrtillus when administered for six months produced a marked decrease in the drusen observed at OCT at the 6-month follow-up. At this time interval, the patient experienced a noticeable improvement in visual acuity, a decrease in eye strain, more color contrast, higher visual definition. The case report indicates the potential benefit for a non-invasive treatment with improved quality of vision in dry AMD. A larger population followed over a long-term period is warranted. The support of nutraceuticals could therefore offer a new non-invasive, adverse effect-free which may restore the pathology affecting the cross talk between choroid and retinal cells. The results of this case report are discussed within the frame of molecular mechanisms synergizing site-specifically at the anatomical border between the outer retina and inner choroid.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)24-34
Number of pages11
JournalArchives Italiennes de Biologie
Volume158
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 1 2020

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