Nutritional and immunological factors in breast milk: A role in the intergenerational transmission from maternal psychopathology to child development: Brain, Behavior, and Immunity

M.G. Di Benedetto, C. Bottanelli, A. Cattaneo, C.M. Pariante, A. Borsini

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Perinatal psychopathologies affect more than 25% of women during and after their gestational period. These psychiatric disorders can potentially determine important biological variations in their organisms, affecting many different physiological and metabolic pathways. Of relevance, any of these changes occurring in the mother can alter the normal composition of breast milk, particularly the concentration of nutritional and inflammatory components, which play a role in child brain functioning and development. Indeed, there is evidence showing that changes in milk composition can contribute to cognitive impairments and alterations in mental abilities in children. This review aims to shed light on the unique intergenerational role played by breast milk composition, from maternal psychopathologies to child development. © 2019 Elsevier Inc.
Original languageEnglish
JournalBrain Behav. Immun.
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - May 23 2019

Keywords

  • Breast milk composition
  • Child behavior
  • Child neurodevelopment
  • Perinatal anxiety
  • Perinatal depression

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