Nutritional status and muscle amino acids in children with end-stage renal failure

A. Canepa, J. C D Filho, A. M. Forsberg, F. Perfumo, A. Carrea, R. Gusmano, J. Bergstrom

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Nutritional status, assessed by anthropometric and biochemical methods, and muscle water, protein and amino acid composition, were evaluated in a control group of 10 children with normal renal function who were undergoing elective surgery, and in 15 children with end-stage chronic renal failure. Samples of the rectus abdominis muscle were taken when surgery was performed in the control children and when a peritoneal catheter was implanted in the uremic children. Height and body weight were reduced in the uremic children compared to the controls but skinfold thickness, arm muscle circumference and serum proteins (total protein, albumin, transferrin, pseudocholinesterase) were essentially normal. The muscle contents of total, extracellular and intracellular water, and of alkali-soluble protein (ASP), DNA and the ASP-DNA ratio were not significantly different in uremic children from those in the controls. Plasma leucine, isoleucine, tyrosine, valine, and serine levels were significantly decreased, whereas plasma citrulline, 1-methylhistidine and 3-methylhistidine levels were increased. Muscle isoleucine and valine levels and the valine/glycine ratio were low in the uremic children. Our results demonstrate that children with chronic renal failure and growth retardation may maintain a satisfactory nutritional status but exhibit amino acid abnormalities typical of uremia.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1016-1022
Number of pages7
JournalKidney International
Volume41
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 1992

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nephrology

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