Nutritional status, assessed by anthropometric and biochemical methods, and muscle water, protein and amino acid composition, were evaluated in a control group of 10 children with normal renal function who were undergoing elective surgery, and in 15 children with end-stage chronic renal failure. Samples of the rectus abdominis muscle were taken when surgery was performed in the control children and when a peritoneal catheter was implanted in the uremic children. Height and body weight were reduced in the uremic children compared to the controls but skinfold thickness, arm muscle circumference and serum proteins (total protein, albumin, transferrin, pseudocholinesterase) were essentially normal. The muscle contents of total, extracellular and intracellular water, and of alkali-soluble protein (ASP), DNA and the ASP-DNA ratio were not significantly different in uremic children from those in the controls. Plasma leucine, isoleucine, tyrosine, valine, and serine levels were significantly decreased, whereas plasma citrulline, 1-methylhistidine and 3-methylhistidine levels were increased. Muscle isoleucine and valine levels and the valine/glycine ratio were low in the uremic children. Our results demonstrate that children with chronic renal failure and growth retardation may maintain a satisfactory nutritional status but exhibit amino acid abnormalities typical of uremia.
|Number of pages||7|
|Publication status||Published - 1992|
ASJC Scopus subject areas