Obesity and body mass index (BMI) in relation to life-style and psycho-social aspects.

F. Marcellini, C. Giuli, R. Papa, G. Tirabassi, E. Faloia, M. Boscaro, A. Polito, D. Ciarapica, M. Zaccaria, E. Mocchegiani

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Obesity is increasing in middle-aged adults and the elderly. This multifactorial phenomenon may have different causes, such as incorrect nutritional and dietary habits, psycho-social aspects and sedentary life-style. It is becoming a serious problem, due also to the world's ageing society. The aim of this study is to provide preliminary results on BMI, life-style and psycho-social aspects in a sample of Italian subjects, which also assesses the relationship between obesity and psychological health. We hypothesize that obesity is related to many factors, such as life-style, behavioral, socio-economic, and psychological aspects. The sample was made up of 107 obese and non-obese subjects, aged 50-74. All participants were given a multidimensional assessment, which included anthropometric, psycho-social and life-style evaluation. As per the protocol a structured life-style questionnaire designed to gather information on anthropometric measurements, socio-economic factors, physical activity, smoking, alcohol and food intake. The Symptom Checklist-90 (SCL-90) for the evaluation of a broad range of psychological problems and symptoms of psychopathology; the Binge Eating Scale (BES) for the assessment of disorders in the eating habits were administered. BMI was associated with age and education, socio-economic status and smoking in both genders. Psychological factors for obesity differed between overweight men and women. In conclusion, obesity and non-obesity appear as two different entities in some aspects. The increase in the prevalence of obesity in elderly subjects could lead to disability and age-related diseases. For this reason, greater insight of the factors related to the development of obesity is required to develop treatment strategies weight-loss prevention programs.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)195-206
Number of pages12
JournalArchives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
Volume49 Suppl 1
Publication statusPublished - 2009

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life style
Life Style
Body Mass Index
Obesity
Psychology
smoking
Feeding Behavior
eating habits
psychological factors
Behavioral Economics
Smoking
psychopathology
Economics
evaluation
eating behavior
Weight Reduction Programs
economic factors
habits
Bulimia
economics

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ageing
  • Geriatrics and Gerontology
  • Health(social science)
  • Gerontology

Cite this

Marcellini, F., Giuli, C., Papa, R., Tirabassi, G., Faloia, E., Boscaro, M., ... Mocchegiani, E. (2009). Obesity and body mass index (BMI) in relation to life-style and psycho-social aspects. Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics, 49 Suppl 1, 195-206.

Obesity and body mass index (BMI) in relation to life-style and psycho-social aspects. / Marcellini, F.; Giuli, C.; Papa, R.; Tirabassi, G.; Faloia, E.; Boscaro, M.; Polito, A.; Ciarapica, D.; Zaccaria, M.; Mocchegiani, E.

In: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics, Vol. 49 Suppl 1, 2009, p. 195-206.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Marcellini, F, Giuli, C, Papa, R, Tirabassi, G, Faloia, E, Boscaro, M, Polito, A, Ciarapica, D, Zaccaria, M & Mocchegiani, E 2009, 'Obesity and body mass index (BMI) in relation to life-style and psycho-social aspects.', Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics, vol. 49 Suppl 1, pp. 195-206.
Marcellini, F. ; Giuli, C. ; Papa, R. ; Tirabassi, G. ; Faloia, E. ; Boscaro, M. ; Polito, A. ; Ciarapica, D. ; Zaccaria, M. ; Mocchegiani, E. / Obesity and body mass index (BMI) in relation to life-style and psycho-social aspects. In: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics. 2009 ; Vol. 49 Suppl 1. pp. 195-206.
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