Obesity influences white matter integrity in schizophrenia

M Spangaro, E Mazza, S Poletti, R Cavallaro, F Benedetti

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background: White matter (WM) alterations have been consistently described in patients with schizophrenia and correlated with the severity of psychotic symptoms and cognitive impairment. Obesity has been reported in over 40% of patients with schizophrenia and has been associated with cognitive deficits, cardiovascular diseases, metabolic alterations, and overall mortality. Moreover, studies among healthy subjects and subjects at risk for psychosis reported an influence of Body Mass Index (BMI) on structural connectivity. We therefore hypothesized that obesity and overweight could further disrupt WM integrity of patients affected by schizophrenia. Methods: Eighty-eight schizophrenia patients were evaluated for BMI. We divided the sample in overweight/obese and normal weight groups. We then performed whole brain tract-based spatial statistics in the WM skeleton with threshold-free cluster enhancement of DTI measures of WM microstructure: axial (AD), radial (RD), and mean diffusivity (MD), and fractional anisotropy (FA). Results: A significant difference between the two groups was observed: normal weight patients showed higher AD and a higher FA trend compared to obese patients in several fibers’ tracts including longitudinal fasciculus, uncinate fasciculus, corona radiata, thalamic radiation, fronto-occipital fasciculus, cingulum and corpus callosum. Conclusions: Elevated BMI might contribute to WM disruption of schizophrenia by hampering structural connectivity in critical cortico-limbic networks, known to play a crucial role in neurocognitive functioning, emotional processing and psychopathology whose dysfunction are prominent features of the disorder. © 2018 Elsevier Ltd
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)135-142
Number of pages8
JournalPsychoneuroendocrinology
Volume97
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2018

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Schizophrenia
Obesity
Body Mass Index
Anisotropy
Weights and Measures
Corpus Callosum
Psychopathology
Skeleton
Psychotic Disorders
White Matter
Healthy Volunteers
Cardiovascular Diseases
Radiation
Mortality
Brain

Cite this

Obesity influences white matter integrity in schizophrenia. / Spangaro, M; Mazza, E; Poletti, S; Cavallaro, R; Benedetti, F.

In: Psychoneuroendocrinology, Vol. 97, 2018, p. 135-142.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AB - Background: White matter (WM) alterations have been consistently described in patients with schizophrenia and correlated with the severity of psychotic symptoms and cognitive impairment. Obesity has been reported in over 40% of patients with schizophrenia and has been associated with cognitive deficits, cardiovascular diseases, metabolic alterations, and overall mortality. Moreover, studies among healthy subjects and subjects at risk for psychosis reported an influence of Body Mass Index (BMI) on structural connectivity. We therefore hypothesized that obesity and overweight could further disrupt WM integrity of patients affected by schizophrenia. Methods: Eighty-eight schizophrenia patients were evaluated for BMI. We divided the sample in overweight/obese and normal weight groups. We then performed whole brain tract-based spatial statistics in the WM skeleton with threshold-free cluster enhancement of DTI measures of WM microstructure: axial (AD), radial (RD), and mean diffusivity (MD), and fractional anisotropy (FA). Results: A significant difference between the two groups was observed: normal weight patients showed higher AD and a higher FA trend compared to obese patients in several fibers’ tracts including longitudinal fasciculus, uncinate fasciculus, corona radiata, thalamic radiation, fronto-occipital fasciculus, cingulum and corpus callosum. Conclusions: Elevated BMI might contribute to WM disruption of schizophrenia by hampering structural connectivity in critical cortico-limbic networks, known to play a crucial role in neurocognitive functioning, emotional processing and psychopathology whose dysfunction are prominent features of the disorder. © 2018 Elsevier Ltd

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