Observational Retrospective Study on Patient Lifestyle in the Pretransplantation and Post-transplantation Period in the Emilia-Romagna Region

Valentina Totti, Tiziana Campione, Giovanni Mosconi, Mariarosa Tamè, Maddalena Tonioli, Mariacristina Gregorini, Roberto Scarpioni, Ada Storari, Renzo Mignani, Gianluigi Sella, Lia Bellis, Massimo Cardillo, Gabriela Sangiorgi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

INTRODUCTION: Despite the well-known benefits of exercise during the pretransplantation and post-transplantation phases, adherence to active lifestyles is still reduced. The aim of the present study is to evaluate how many patients who have received organ transplants and candidates for organ transplantation carry out physical or sports activities in order to increase adherence to an active lifestyle.

METHODS: The patients who agreed to participate in the study were interviewed about their lifestyle habits by the staff at the nephrology, dialysis, and hepatology units of the Emilia-Romagna region. The interview investigated the patient's lifestyle (active or sedentary) and type of physical activity (walking, cycling, gardening, gym at least 3 to 40 minutes, 2 to 3 times per week) or sport (training > 2 times per week) routinely practiced.

RESULTS: We collected 1138 interviews from patients on the waiting list (n = 159) for organ transplant, those with kidney transplants (n = 756), and those with liver transplants (n = 223) monitored in the Emilia-Romagna hospitals (regional patients 67%, extraregional 33%). Eighty-four patients on the waiting list for a transplant (kidney) were sedentary, 75 practiced physical activity, and 10 of 75 physically active patients practiced sport. Four hundred fifteen patients with kidney transplants were sedentary, 341 practiced physical activity, and 31 of 341 physically active patients practiced sport. Among patients with liver transplants, 56 were sedentary, 167 practiced physical activity, and 20 of 167 physically active patients played sport.

CONCLUSIONS: In-line with the general population, we confirmed a high tendency toward a sedentary lifestyle (44% of respondents) among patients with organ transplants and those on waiting lists for organ transplants. Including a prescription for physical exercise as part of the therapeutic regimen can be useful for changing lifestyles during the pre- and post-transplantation period.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1552-1555
Number of pages4
JournalTransplant. Proc.
Volume52
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2020

Keywords

  • Adult
  • Exercise/psychology
  • Female
  • Health Behavior
  • Humans
  • Italy
  • Life Style
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Organ Transplantation/psychology
  • Patient Compliance/psychology
  • Postoperative Period
  • Preoperative Period
  • Renal Dialysis/psychology
  • Retrospective Studies
  • Sedentary Behavior
  • Sports
  • Waiting Lists

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