Lemalattie professionali da radiazioni ottiche artificiali (ROA)

Translated title of the contribution: Occupational diseases caused by artificial optical radiations (AOR)

G. Taino, P. Paraluppi, M. Giorgi, M. I. D'Orso, B. Piccoli

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background: Italian national legislation guarantees safety and health for workers exposed to Artificial Optical Radiations (AOR) by Legislative Decree 81/2008. Objectives and methods: Effects and damages to health resulting from AOR exposure were analyzed from literature data. Results: Ultraviolet Radiations (UV), particularly those in the wavelength range between 220 and 310 nm, causes chronic conjunctivitis and kerato-conjunctivitis. Skin cancer caused by UV exposure included Basal Cell Carcinoma, Squamous Cell Carcinoma and Melanoma. As regards Infrared Radiations (portion of the spectrum between 780 nm and 1 mm), the biological effect is essentially of thermal nature. Exposure to Blue Light (portion of the spectrum of visible light radiation in a wavelength range between 380 and 550 nm) causes exclusively retinal damage and is considered to be responsible for the development of situations of Age-relatedMacular Degeneration (AMD). Even if experimental data are available, at the present time there is still no epidemiological evidence of retinal damage caused by blue light. Conclusions: The forensic criteria for investigating the causality link between occupational exposure to AOR and damage, and the methodology necessary for the assessment process, are reported.Two lists of occupational diseases which were included in the ItalianMinisterial Decrees, issued respectively on April 2008 and 11 December 2009, are also considered. Lastly, on the basis of the current existing guidelines and scientific evidence, the authors propose occupational health surveillance protocols for workers exposed to AOR risk.

Original languageItalian
Pages (from-to)3-23
Number of pages21
JournalMedicina del Lavoro
Volume104
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2013

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Occupational Diseases
Radiation
Light
Conjunctivitis
Process Assessment (Health Care)
Basal Cell Carcinoma
Health
Skin Neoplasms
Occupational Health
Occupational Exposure
Legislation
Causality
Squamous Cell Carcinoma
Melanoma
Hot Temperature
Guidelines
Safety

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Cite this

Taino, G., Paraluppi, P., Giorgi, M., D'Orso, M. I., & Piccoli, B. (2013). Lemalattie professionali da radiazioni ottiche artificiali (ROA). Medicina del Lavoro, 104(1), 3-23.

Lemalattie professionali da radiazioni ottiche artificiali (ROA). / Taino, G.; Paraluppi, P.; Giorgi, M.; D'Orso, M. I.; Piccoli, B.

In: Medicina del Lavoro, Vol. 104, No. 1, 01.2013, p. 3-23.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Taino, G, Paraluppi, P, Giorgi, M, D'Orso, MI & Piccoli, B 2013, 'Lemalattie professionali da radiazioni ottiche artificiali (ROA)', Medicina del Lavoro, vol. 104, no. 1, pp. 3-23.
Taino G, Paraluppi P, Giorgi M, D'Orso MI, Piccoli B. Lemalattie professionali da radiazioni ottiche artificiali (ROA). Medicina del Lavoro. 2013 Jan;104(1):3-23.
Taino, G. ; Paraluppi, P. ; Giorgi, M. ; D'Orso, M. I. ; Piccoli, B. / Lemalattie professionali da radiazioni ottiche artificiali (ROA). In: Medicina del Lavoro. 2013 ; Vol. 104, No. 1. pp. 3-23.
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