Occupational, environmental, and life-style factors associated with the risk of hematolymphopoietic malignancies in women

Lucia Miligi, A. Seniori Costantini, P. Crosignani, A. Fontana, G. Masala, O. Nanni, V. Ramazzotti, S. Rodella, E. Stagnaro, R. Tumino, C. Viganò, C. Vindigni, P. Vineis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

96 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: The etiology of lymphomas, leukemias, and multiple myeloma is still largely unknown. The known risk factors (ionizing radiation, solvent exposure, pesticide exposure, immunosuppression) explain only a small proportion of the cases that occur. Methods: We conducted a multicenter population-based case-control study on hematolymphopoietic malignancies in Italy and interviewed 2,011 women (1,183 cases and 828 controls). Results: There was a suggestion of a positive association between smoking and the risk of non-Hodgkin's lymphoma + chronic lymphocytic leukemia. A slight increased risk of leukemias was observed among women using permanent hair dye. Housewives were at increased risk for leukemia and multiple myeloma. The risk of non-Hodgkin's lymphomas + chronic lymphocytic leukemia, leukemias, multiple myeloma, and Hodgkin's disease increased among women employed as hairdressers and textile workers. Teachers were at increased risk for non- Hodgkin's lymphomas + chronic lymphocytic leukemia, leukemias, and Hodgkin's disease. Conclusions: These results confirm previous associations and may provide additional clues to some determinants of hematolymphopoietic malignancies in women.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)60-69
Number of pages10
JournalAmerican Journal of Industrial Medicine
Volume36
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1999

Fingerprint

Life Style
Leukemia
B-Cell Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia
Multiple Myeloma
Non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma
Neoplasms
Hodgkin Disease
Hair Dyes
Textiles
Ionizing Radiation
Pesticides
Immunosuppression
Italy
Case-Control Studies
Lymphoma
Smoking
Population

Keywords

  • Hair dyes
  • Housewives
  • Leukemias
  • Lymphomas
  • Multiple myeloma
  • Occupations

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Cite this

Occupational, environmental, and life-style factors associated with the risk of hematolymphopoietic malignancies in women. / Miligi, Lucia; Seniori Costantini, A.; Crosignani, P.; Fontana, A.; Masala, G.; Nanni, O.; Ramazzotti, V.; Rodella, S.; Stagnaro, E.; Tumino, R.; Viganò, C.; Vindigni, C.; Vineis, P.

In: American Journal of Industrial Medicine, Vol. 36, No. 1, 1999, p. 60-69.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Miligi, L, Seniori Costantini, A, Crosignani, P, Fontana, A, Masala, G, Nanni, O, Ramazzotti, V, Rodella, S, Stagnaro, E, Tumino, R, Viganò, C, Vindigni, C & Vineis, P 1999, 'Occupational, environmental, and life-style factors associated with the risk of hematolymphopoietic malignancies in women', American Journal of Industrial Medicine, vol. 36, no. 1, pp. 60-69. https://doi.org/10.1002/(SICI)1097-0274(199907)36:1<60::AID-AJIM9>3.0.CO;2-Z
Miligi, Lucia ; Seniori Costantini, A. ; Crosignani, P. ; Fontana, A. ; Masala, G. ; Nanni, O. ; Ramazzotti, V. ; Rodella, S. ; Stagnaro, E. ; Tumino, R. ; Viganò, C. ; Vindigni, C. ; Vineis, P. / Occupational, environmental, and life-style factors associated with the risk of hematolymphopoietic malignancies in women. In: American Journal of Industrial Medicine. 1999 ; Vol. 36, No. 1. pp. 60-69.
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