Infezione professionale da HIV in ginecologia: Stima del rischio, gestione post-esposizione e profilassi farmacologica

Translated title of the contribution: Occupational HIV infection in obstetrics-gynecology: Risk of exposure and post-exposure management

V. Puro, C. D'Ubaldo, G. De Carli, N. Petrosillo, G. Ippolito, E. Aspiro, L. Battistella, M. Bignamini, M. Bombonato, M. E. Bonaventura, R. Bonini, P. Bottura, B. Burrai, A. Chiodera, P. Chiriacò, M. R. Cocco, P. Contegiacomo, M. Daglio, C. D'Anna, M. DesperatiL. Di Bernardo, V. Di Nardo, C. Evaristi, G. Fasulo, R. Ferrario, I. Ferraresi, M. A. Fichera, G. Finzi, M. Francesconi, L. Garra, L. Gherardi, C. Govoni, G. Greco, G. Gulandi, F. Ianeselli, R. Iuliucci, M. Lanave, C. Libralato, M. Lorenzani, S. Maccarrone, P. Marchegiano, P. Masala, M. Massari, F. Menichetti, V. Mercurio, G. Micheloni, G. Migliorino, P. Milini, M. Nelli, G. Nurra, C. Paradiso, M. Perosino, G. Piccini, F. Pietrobon, M. C. Pirrazzini, C. Poli, M. Polidori, G. Raineri, M. Rebora, M. Regele, A. Rosati, P. Scappini, A. Segata, C. Sileo, G. Simonini, F. Soscia, M. Tangenti, B. Testini, L. M. Vaira, D. Vlacos

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The avarage risk of HIV infection after percutaneous exposure to HIV-infected blood is 0.3%. Higher risk factors of HIV transmission to health care worker after percutaneous exposure are deep injury, visible blood on device, procedure involving needle in artery or vein and terminal: Illness in source patient or high viremia. It has been shown that post-exposure use of zidovudine diminishes risk of transmission. In Italy 5 occupational HIV infections in health care workers have been documented. Although prevention of exposure to blood is the best method to avoid occupational risk of HIV infection, nevertheless an adequate management of blood-borne exposure is essential for achieving a safer health care workplace. In this paper we reviewed the modality and the frequency of blood-borne exposures in Italian health care setting, focusing on in obstetric and gynaecology. Finally, Italian recommendation for the management of blood-born exposure, including post-exposure chemoprophylaxis are discussed.

Translated title of the contributionOccupational HIV infection in obstetrics-gynecology: Risk of exposure and post-exposure management
Original languageItalian
Pages (from-to)25-33
Number of pages9
JournalMinerva Ginecologica
Volume52
Issue number12 SUPPL. 1
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2000

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Obstetrics and Gynaecology

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Occupational HIV infection in obstetrics-gynecology: Risk of exposure and post-exposure management'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this