Occupational transmission of an Orthopoxvirus infection during an outbreak in a colony of Macaca tonkeana in Lazio Region, Italy, 2015

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Orthopoxviruses spill over from animal reservoirs to accidental hosts, sometimes causing human infections. We describe the surveillance and infection control measures undertaken during an outbreak due to an Orthopoxvirus occurred in January 2015 in a colony of Macaca tonkeana in the province of Rieti, Latio, Italy, which caused a human asymptomatic infection. According to the epidemiological investigation, the human transmission occurred after an unprotected exposure. The contacts among wild, captive and domestic animals and humans, together with decreased immunity against Orthopoxviruses in the community, may put animal handlers at risk of infection, especially after the cessation of smallpox vaccination. To reduce these threats, standard precautions including respiratory hygiene and transmission-based precautions should be carefully applied also in veterinary medicine.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)578-583
Number of pages6
JournalZoonoses and Public Health
Volume65
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 1 2018

Fingerprint

Orthopoxvirus
Infectious Disease Transmission
Macaca
Italy
Disease Outbreaks
infection
Asymptomatic Infections
captive animals
Wild Animals
Smallpox
Veterinary Medicine
Domestic Animals
wild animals
Infection Control
Infection
Hygiene
hygiene
domestic animals
veterinary medicine
control methods

Keywords

  • animal outbreak
  • Macaca tonkeana
  • occupational transmission
  • Orthopoxvirus
  • Zoonosis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Epidemiology
  • Immunology and Microbiology(all)
  • veterinary(all)
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Infectious Diseases

Cite this

@article{3e80fa26821e437db094b4dd64a9785b,
title = "Occupational transmission of an Orthopoxvirus infection during an outbreak in a colony of Macaca tonkeana in Lazio Region, Italy, 2015",
abstract = "Orthopoxviruses spill over from animal reservoirs to accidental hosts, sometimes causing human infections. We describe the surveillance and infection control measures undertaken during an outbreak due to an Orthopoxvirus occurred in January 2015 in a colony of Macaca tonkeana in the province of Rieti, Latio, Italy, which caused a human asymptomatic infection. According to the epidemiological investigation, the human transmission occurred after an unprotected exposure. The contacts among wild, captive and domestic animals and humans, together with decreased immunity against Orthopoxviruses in the community, may put animal handlers at risk of infection, especially after the cessation of smallpox vaccination. To reduce these threats, standard precautions including respiratory hygiene and transmission-based precautions should be carefully applied also in veterinary medicine.",
keywords = "animal outbreak, Macaca tonkeana, occupational transmission, Orthopoxvirus, Zoonosis",
author = "V. Puro and Fusco, {F. M.} and C. Castilletti and F. Carletti and F. Colavita and C. Agrati and {Di Caro}, A. and Capobianchi, {M. R.} and G. Ippolito",
year = "2018",
month = "8",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1111/zph.12459",
language = "English",
volume = "65",
pages = "578--583",
journal = "Journal of Veterinary Medicine Series B: Infectious Diseases and Veterinary Public Health",
issn = "1863-1959",
publisher = "Wiley-Blackwell",
number = "5",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Occupational transmission of an Orthopoxvirus infection during an outbreak in a colony of Macaca tonkeana in Lazio Region, Italy, 2015

AU - Puro, V.

AU - Fusco, F. M.

AU - Castilletti, C.

AU - Carletti, F.

AU - Colavita, F.

AU - Agrati, C.

AU - Di Caro, A.

AU - Capobianchi, M. R.

AU - Ippolito, G.

PY - 2018/8/1

Y1 - 2018/8/1

N2 - Orthopoxviruses spill over from animal reservoirs to accidental hosts, sometimes causing human infections. We describe the surveillance and infection control measures undertaken during an outbreak due to an Orthopoxvirus occurred in January 2015 in a colony of Macaca tonkeana in the province of Rieti, Latio, Italy, which caused a human asymptomatic infection. According to the epidemiological investigation, the human transmission occurred after an unprotected exposure. The contacts among wild, captive and domestic animals and humans, together with decreased immunity against Orthopoxviruses in the community, may put animal handlers at risk of infection, especially after the cessation of smallpox vaccination. To reduce these threats, standard precautions including respiratory hygiene and transmission-based precautions should be carefully applied also in veterinary medicine.

AB - Orthopoxviruses spill over from animal reservoirs to accidental hosts, sometimes causing human infections. We describe the surveillance and infection control measures undertaken during an outbreak due to an Orthopoxvirus occurred in January 2015 in a colony of Macaca tonkeana in the province of Rieti, Latio, Italy, which caused a human asymptomatic infection. According to the epidemiological investigation, the human transmission occurred after an unprotected exposure. The contacts among wild, captive and domestic animals and humans, together with decreased immunity against Orthopoxviruses in the community, may put animal handlers at risk of infection, especially after the cessation of smallpox vaccination. To reduce these threats, standard precautions including respiratory hygiene and transmission-based precautions should be carefully applied also in veterinary medicine.

KW - animal outbreak

KW - Macaca tonkeana

KW - occupational transmission

KW - Orthopoxvirus

KW - Zoonosis

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85043370801&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85043370801&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1111/zph.12459

DO - 10.1111/zph.12459

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:85043370801

VL - 65

SP - 578

EP - 583

JO - Journal of Veterinary Medicine Series B: Infectious Diseases and Veterinary Public Health

JF - Journal of Veterinary Medicine Series B: Infectious Diseases and Veterinary Public Health

SN - 1863-1959

IS - 5

ER -