Occurrence of nodular lymphocyte-predominant Hodgkin lymphoma in Hermansky-Pudlak type 2 syndrome is associated to natural killer and natural killer T cell defects

Luisa Lorenzi, Giovanna Tabellini, William Vermi, Daniele Moratto, Fulvio Porta, Lucia D. Notarangelo, Ornella Patrizi, Silvano Sozzani, Genevieve De Saint Basile, Sylvain Latour, David Pace, Silvia Lonardi, Fabio Facchetti, Raffaele Badolato, Silvia Parolini

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Abstract

Hermansky Pudlak type 2 syndrome (HPS2) is a rare autosomal recessive primary immune deficiency caused by mutations on β3A gene (AP3B1 gene). The defect results in the impairment of the adaptor protein 3 (AP-3) complex, responsible for protein sorting to secretory lysosomes leading to oculo-cutaneous albinism, bleeding disorders and immunodeficiency. We have studied peripheral blood and lymph node biopsies from two siblings affected by HPS2. Lymph node histology showed a nodular lymphocyte predominance type Hodgkin lymphoma (NLPHL) in both HPS2 siblings. By immunohistochemistry, CD8 T-cells from HPS2 NLPHL contained an increased amount of perforin (Prf) + suggesting a defect in the release of this granules-associated protein. By analyzing peripheral blood immune cells we found a significant reduction of circulating NKT cells and of CD56brightCD16- Natural Killer (NK) cells subset. Functionally, NK cells were defective in their cytotoxic activity against tumor cell lines including Hodgkin Lymphoma as well as in IFN-γ production. This defect was associated with increased baseline level of CD107a and CD63 at the surface level of unstimulated and IL-2-activated NK cells. In summary, these results suggest that a combined and profound defect of innate and adaptive effector cells might explain the susceptibility to infections and lymphoma in these HPS2 patients.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere80131
JournalPLoS One
Volume8
Issue number11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 26 2013

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)
  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

Lorenzi, L., Tabellini, G., Vermi, W., Moratto, D., Porta, F., Notarangelo, L. D., Patrizi, O., Sozzani, S., Basile, G. D. S., Latour, S., Pace, D., Lonardi, S., Facchetti, F., Badolato, R., & Parolini, S. (2013). Occurrence of nodular lymphocyte-predominant Hodgkin lymphoma in Hermansky-Pudlak type 2 syndrome is associated to natural killer and natural killer T cell defects. PLoS One, 8(11), [e80131]. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0080131