Ocular tolerance and efficacy of short-term tamponade with double filling of polydimethyloxane and perfluoro-n-octane

Stefano Zenoni, Mario R. Romano, Sonia Palmieri, Natalia Comi, Edoardo Fiorentini, Piero Fontana

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Objective: The aim of the study was to evaluate the ocular tolerance and efficacy of double filling with perfluoro-n-octane (n-C8F18) (PFO) and polydimethyloxane (PDMS) as a temporary vitreous substitute in patients with retinal detachment complicated by proliferative vitreoretinopathy (PVR). Material and methods: Tamponade was performed in 30 eyes of 30 patients by double filling with 30% PFO and 70% PDMS for an average of 23 (standard deviation 2.2) days. The follow-up visits were scheduled 1 week, 1 month, and 3 months after surgery. The main outcome measures were visual acuity, intraocular pressure (IOP), PVR reproliferation, and electrophysiological parameters. Results: The primary success rate was 80% (24/30). Fourteen patients (46.7%) had a postoperative improvement in visual acuity, 12 patients (40.0%) maintained their preoperative visual acuity, and four patients (13.3%) experienced a reduction in visual acuity. The mean postoperative IOP was 19.7 mm Hg (11-32 mm Hg); nine cases (30.0%) developed an IOP increase that was treated with topical drops and/or systemic carbonic anhydrase inhibitors. The electroretinogram (ERG) and the bright flash electroretinogram (bf ERG) parameters showed a statistically significant difference of means between 4- and 8-week follow-up visits. Conclusion: Our experience with double filling in selected cases of retinal detachment has been positive. No electroretinographic signs of retinal toxicity and a low incidence of PVR reproliferation were observed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)443-449
Number of pages7
JournalClinical Ophthalmology
Volume5
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2011

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Keywords

  • Double filling
  • Perfluoro-n-octane
  • Polydimethyloxane
  • Proliferative vitreo-retinopathy
  • Retinal detachment
  • Retinal detachment electrophysiology

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ophthalmology

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