Off-pump transapical implantation of artificial neo-chordae to correct mitral regurgitation: The tact trial (transapical artificial chordae tendinae) proof of concept

Joerg Seeburger, Mauro Rinaldi, Sten Lyager Nielsen, Stefano Salizzoni, Ruediger Lange, Markus Schoenburg, Ottavio Alfieri, Michael Andrew Borger, Friedrich Wilhelm Mohr, Audrius Aidietis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Objectives The goal of this study was to evaluate the safety and performance of the NeoChord DS1000 system (NeoChord, Inc., Minneapolis, Minnesota). Background There is an increasing interest in transcatheter mitral valve (MV) treatment. The NeoChord DS 1000 system enables off-pump beating heart transapical MV repair with implantation of artificial neo-chordae. Methods Patients with severe mitral regurgitation (MR) due to isolated posterior prolapse were included in this TACT (Transapical Artificial Chordae Tendinae) trial. All patients were scheduled for off-pump transapical implantation of neo-chordae. Results Thirty patients at 7 centers were enrolled. Major adverse events included 1 death due to post-cardiotomy syndrome and concomitant sepsis and 1 minor stroke with the patient fully recovered at the 30-day follow-up visit. Additional patients experienced procedural major adverse events related to a reoperation or conversion to standard of care. Acute procedural success (placement of at least 1 neo-chord and reduction of MR from 3+ or 4+ to ≤2+) was achieved in 26 patients (86.7%). In 4 patients neo-chordae were not placed for technical and/or patient-specific reasons. These patients underwent intraoperative (3 patients) or post-operative (1 patient) standard MV repair. At 30 days, 17 patients maintained an MR grade ≤2+. Four patients who developed recurrent MR were successfully treated with open MV repair during 30-day follow-up. Results improved with experience: durable reduction in MR to ≤2+ at 30 days was achieved in 5 (33.3%) of the first 15 patients and 12 (85.7%) of the last 14 patients. Conclusions Off-pump transapical implantation of artificial chordae to correct MR is technically safe and feasible; however, it yields further potential for improvement of efficacy and durability. (Safety and Performance Study of the NeoChord Device [TACT]; NCT01777815).

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)914-919
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of the American College of Cardiology
Volume63
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 11 2014

Keywords

  • heart disease
  • mitral valve
  • surgery

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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