Office and Out-of-Office Blood Pressure Changes over a Quarter of Century: Findings from the PAMELA Study

C. Cuspidi, R. Facchetti, R. Dell'Oro, F. Quarti-Trevano, M. Tadic, G. Mancia, G. Grassi

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Findings regarding long-terms variations in blood pressure (BP) taken in different setting (ie, office, home, and ambulatory BP) in the community are scanty. We sought to assess this issue in members of the general population enrolled in the PAMELA (Pressioni Monitorate E Loro Associazioni) study. The study included 562 participants who attended the second and third survey of the PAMELA study performed after 10 and 25 years from the initial evaluation. Data collection included medical history, anthropometric parameters, office, home, ambulatory BP, and standard blood examinations. Office, home, and 24-hour systolic BP over the 25-year interval between the first and third survey increased in a parallel way (ie, 12%, 10%, and 15.5%). The increments in office, home, and 24-hour diastolic BP were lower than the systolic BP ones (ie, 3.3%, 5.6%, and 6.1%). Thus, the combined changes in systolic BP and diastolic BP from the first to the third data collection resulted in a marked increase in pulse pressure (ie, 29%, 19%, and 30%). The prevalence of hypertension assessed at office visits and out-of-office either by self-BP measurements at home and ambulatory blood pressure monitoring increased ≈3 to 4× (3.1 office, 3.3 home, 3.9 ABPM, respectively). This trend was associated with adiposity indexes and worsening of the glucose profile. This community-based longitudinal study suggests that the progressive and marked increase in hypertension with age, consistently documented with different BP measurement methods, represents an epochal challenge for the prevention of cardiovascular diseases, due to the rapid growth the elderly population worldwide.

Original languageItalian
Pages (from-to)759-765
Number of pages7
Publication statusPublished - 2020

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