Older HIV-infected adults: complex patients— geriatric syndromes (II)

L. Bertagnoli, P. Iannuzzi, S. Ciccone, M. Canevelli, E. Marzetti, G. Guaraldi, M. Cesari

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

Abstract

With the widespread adoption of highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART), HIV infection starts to be considered one of the many chronic illnesses of advanced age. A growing proportion of the affected patients is presently older than 50. It has been suggested that HIV infection may today represent a model of accelerated and accentuated ageing. The need for a closer collaboration between geriatricians and HIV physicians is being growingly recognised to better address the priorities and needs of HIV patients. The final aim behind the generation of such synergies resides in the design of personalised plans of interventions. These plans should stem from the results of a comprehensive assessment of the individual spanning clinical, environmental, and psychosocial domains. Through the early identification of stressors and risk factors potentially disrupting the homeostatic balance of frail patients (including those living with HIV), it might be possible to protect the “biologically old” (but not necessarily “chronologically old”) HIV-infected people from developing detrimental geriatric syndromes. In this article, specific features making the ageing HIV population of special interest for geriatric medicine, and the importance of a multidisciplinary model of care are described. The final objective is to stress how the only way for adequately tackling the multifaceted frailty condition of people with HIV is to implement novel models of care based on the comprehensive geriatric assessment.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)213-218
Number of pages6
JournalEuropean Geriatric Medicine
Volume10
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 1 2019

Keywords

  • Ageing
  • Comprehensive geriatric assessment
  • Frailty
  • Geriatric syndromes
  • Geriatrics
  • HIV

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Gerontology
  • Geriatrics and Gerontology

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