Olfactory Processing in Male Children with Autism: Atypical Odor Threshold and Identification

Filippo Muratori, Alessandro Tonacci, Lucia Billeci, Tiziana Catalucci, Roberta Igliozzi, Sara Calderoni, Antonio Narzisi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Sensory issues are of great interest in ASD diagnosis. However, their investigation is mainly based on external observation (parent reports), with methodological limitations. Unobtrusive olfactory assessment allows studying autism neurosensoriality. Here, 20 male children with high-functioning ASD and 20 matched controls were administered a complete olfactory test battery, assessing olfactory threshold, identification and discrimination. ASD children show lower sensitivity (p = 0.041), lower identification (p = 0.014), and intact odor discrimination (p = 0.199) than controls. Comparing olfactory and clinical scores, a significant correlation was found in ASD between olfactory threshold and the CBCL social problems (p = 0.011) and aggressive behavior (p = 0.012) sub-scales. The pattern featuring peripheral hyposensitivity, high-order difficulties in odor identification and regular subcortical odor discrimination is discussed in light of hypo-priors hypothesis for autism.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-9
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - Jul 25 2017

Keywords

  • Autism
  • Hypo-priors hypothesis
  • Olfactory functioning
  • Sensory processing

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Medicine(all)

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