Oligodendroglioma

Martin J. Van den Bent, Michele Reni, Gemma Gatta, Charles Vecht

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Oligodendrogliomas (OD) are rare, diffusely infiltrating tumors, arising in the white matter of cerebral hemispheres, and displaying better sensitivity to treatment and prognosis than other gliomas. Favorable prognostic factors are low-grade, combined loss of 1p/19q, younger age, good performance status, and frontal localization. Low-grade OD usually present with seizures, whereas high-grade tumors often present with focal deficits, increased intracranial pressure or cognitive deficits. Treatment may be deferred until progression in young patients with low-grade OD presenting with seizures only. Patients with enhancing lesions, mass effect, focal deficits or increased intracranial pressure should be treated without delay. Treatment consists of resection as extensive and as safe possible. Postoperative radiotherapy is indicated for large, unresectable, or incompletely resected tumors; focal deficits; anaplastic tumors; or enhancing lesions. Adjuvant PCV chemotherapy increased progression-free survival but does not improve survival as compared to PCV given at recurrence. Chemotherapy with either PCV or temozolomide constitutes a standard for recurrent/progressive disease.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)262-272
Number of pages11
JournalCritical Reviews in Oncology/Hematology
Volume66
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2008

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cancer Research
  • Hematology
  • Oncology

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