Oligomerization of ETO is obligatory for corepressor interaction

J. Zhang, B. A. Hug, E. Y. Huang, C. W. Chen, V. Gelmetti, M. Maccarana, S. Minucci, P. G. Pelicci, M. A. Lazar

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Nearly 40% of cases of acute myelogenous leukemia (AML) of the M2 subtype are due to a chromosomal translocation that combines a sequence-specific DNA binding protein, AML1, with a potent transcriptional repressor, ETO. ETO interacts with nuclear receptor corepressors SMRT and N-CoR, which recruit histone deacetylase to the AML1-ETO oncoprotein. SMRT-N-CoR interaction requires each of two zinc fingers contained in C-terminal Nervy homology region 4 (NHR4) of ETO. However, here we show that polypeptides containing NHR4 are insufficient for interaction with SMRT. NHR2 is also required for SMRT interaction and repression by ETO, as well as for inhibition of hematopoietic differentiation by AML1-ETO. NHR2 mediates oligomerization of ETO as well as AML1-ETO. Fusion of NHR4 polypeptide to a heterologous dimerization domain allows strong interaction with SMRT in vitro. These data support a model in which NHR2 and NHR4 have complementary functions in repression by ETO. NHR2 functions as an oligomerization domain bringing together NHR4 polypeptides that together form the surface required for high-affinity interaction with corepressors. As nuclear receptors also interact with corepressors as dimers, oligomerization may be a common mechanism regulating corepressor interactions.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)156-163
Number of pages8
JournalMolecular and Cellular Biology
Volume21
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2001

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Biology
  • Genetics
  • Cell Biology

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    Zhang, J., Hug, B. A., Huang, E. Y., Chen, C. W., Gelmetti, V., Maccarana, M., Minucci, S., Pelicci, P. G., & Lazar, M. A. (2001). Oligomerization of ETO is obligatory for corepressor interaction. Molecular and Cellular Biology, 21(1), 156-163. https://doi.org/10.1128/MCB.21.1.156-163.2001