Olmesartan in the treatment of hypertension in elderly patients: A review of the primary evidence

Massimo Volpe, Giuliano Tocci

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Hypertension, particularly systolic hypertension, is prevalent in the elderly and increases with advancing age, in part because of age-related endothelial dysfunction and increased arterial stiffness. There is strong evidence from randomized clinical trials that supports the use of antihypertensive treatment for effective and sustained blood pressure (BP) control in older patients to reduce the risk of vascular-related morbidity and mortality, particularly cerebrovascular accidents, including stroke. Furthermore, current evidence and guidelines suggest that all major classes of antihypertensive agents are equally effective in controlling BP and preventing cardiovascular events in older patients. Diuretics are commonly used in elderly patients, but recent outcomes data have raised doubt about their long-term benefits. Renin-angiotensin system inhibitors have a better tolerability profile than diuretics. Extensive clinical evidence has demonstrated the excellent efficacy and tolerability profile of olmesartan medoxomil (OM)-an angiotensin II receptor blocker AT1 receptor antagonist-including in elderly patients. Randomized and observational studies have shown that OM provides effective BP control across the 24 h dosing interval in the elderly. It also has a good tolerability profile, a pharmacokinetic profile unaffected by age and a low propensity for drug interactions. An additional factor is that OM once-daily regimens are simple and straightforward which can be an important factor in maintaining adherence to therapy in elderly patients. This article provides an overview of the main recent clinical evidence supporting the use of OM-based therapy in elderly patients with hypertension

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)987-998
Number of pages12
JournalDrugs and Aging
Volume30
Issue number12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2013

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology (medical)
  • Geriatrics and Gerontology

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