Severe combined immunodeficiencies represent a heterogeneous group of hereditary defects of the immune system that affect both T and B cells and whose etiology has only recently begun to be understood. A portion of these SCID patients bear a defect in either of the two recombination-activating genes, Rag-1 or Rag-2, while others have mutations in a newly identified gene, Artemis. Omenn syndrome is an unusual severe immunodeficiency with T cells but no B cells, and peculiar features also due to a defect in Rag-1 or Rag-2 genes. All these three forms are characterized by an impairment of the VDJ recombination, the process that insures the somatic diversification of immunoglobulin and T cell receptor-encoding genes. Recent findings have enabled us to better understand the pathophysiology of these three immunodeficiencies, which affect the V(D)J recombination process to a different extent and in different ways.
|Number of pages||4|
|Journal||Israel Medical Association Journal|
|Publication status||Published - 2002|
- Omenn syndrome
- Recombination-activating genes
- Severe combined immunodeficiencies
ASJC Scopus subject areas