The free-to-total prostate-specific antigen ratio (F/T PSA) is associated with the presence of prostate cancer and is thus used as an indicator for suspicion of prostate cancer and as a determinant for biopsy. We reviewed a recent retrospective series of 966 consecutive prostate biopsies where F/T PSA was blindly determined and did not influence biopsy indication. We simulated the association of F/T PSA with biopsy outcome and its impact as a biopsy determinant. When adopting an F/T PSA cutoff of 10%, 13%, 16% or 20% among random sextant biopsies in the 4-10 ng/mL total PSA range, the sensitivity was 15%, 37%, 55% and 72% and the specificity 89%, 80%, 64% and 44%, respectively. Using F/T PSA as a biopsy determinant, from 1.7 to 2.6 cancer biopsies would have been delayed to avoid 10 benign biopsies. As this balance is not acceptable, F/T PSA has no role as a biopsy indicator and its clinical use is questionable.
|Number of pages||5|
|Journal||International Journal of Biological Markers|
|Publication status||Published - Jan 2006|
- F/T PSA ratio
- Prostate cancer
ASJC Scopus subject areas