Oncogenic Ras-Induced Expression of Noxa and Beclin-1 Promotes Autophagic Cell Death and Limits Clonogenic Survival

Mohamed Elgendy, Clare Sheridan, Gabriela Brumatti, Seamus J. Martin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Deregulated oncogenes such as MYC and RAS are typically insufficient to transform cells on their own due to the activation of pathways that restrain proliferation. Previous studies have shown that oncogenic H-Ras can induce proliferative arrest or senescence, depending on the cellular context. Here, we show that deregulated H-Ras activity can also lead to caspase-independent cell death with features of autophagy. Ras-induced autophagy was associated with upregulation of the BH3-only protein Noxa as well as the autophagy regulator Beclin-1. Silencing of Noxa or Beclin-1 expression reduced Ras-induced autophagy and increased clonogenic survival. Ras-induced cell death was also inhibited by coexpression of Bcl-2 family members that inhibit Beclin-1 function. Ras-induced autophagy was associated with Noxa-mediated displacement of the Bcl-2 family member, Mcl-1, from Beclin-1. Thus, Ras-induced expression of Noxa and Beclin-1 promotes autophagic cell death, which represents a mechanism to limit the oncogenic potential of deregulated Ras signals.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)23-35
Number of pages13
JournalMolecular Cell
Volume42
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 8 2011

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Noxae
Autophagy
Cell Death
Caspases
Oncogenes
Beclin-1
Up-Regulation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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Oncogenic Ras-Induced Expression of Noxa and Beclin-1 Promotes Autophagic Cell Death and Limits Clonogenic Survival. / Elgendy, Mohamed; Sheridan, Clare; Brumatti, Gabriela; Martin, Seamus J.

In: Molecular Cell, Vol. 42, No. 1, 08.04.2011, p. 23-35.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Elgendy, Mohamed ; Sheridan, Clare ; Brumatti, Gabriela ; Martin, Seamus J. / Oncogenic Ras-Induced Expression of Noxa and Beclin-1 Promotes Autophagic Cell Death and Limits Clonogenic Survival. In: Molecular Cell. 2011 ; Vol. 42, No. 1. pp. 23-35.
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