BACKGROUND: This study was designed to confirm in a large population of unselected patients the promising results of Ultimaster® biodegradable polymer sirolimus-eluting stent (BP-SES) already shown in previous trial.
METHODS: ULISSE is an observational, multicenter, national registry evaluating all patients undergoing PCI with the Ultimaster® BP-SES. Incidence of 1-year TLF (cardiac death or target vessel MI or clinically indicated TLR) was the primary endpoint. Pre-specified subgroup analysis was performed for diabetic patients and for those with lesion longer than 25 mm, bifurcation and CTO lesions.
RESULTS: 1660 patients were enrolled in 9 Italian cardiology centers, 82% were males, mean age of 68 ± 10 years, and 29% were diabetics. Overall 2422 lesions were treated, 65% type B2/C lesions, 7% CTOs, 17% bifurcations and 38% long lesions. The incidence of 1-year TLF was 5%, with 3.2% of clinically indicated TLR. TLF occurred in 8% of the patients with diabetes mellitus, and 7% in bifurcation, 6.7% in CTO and 6.2% in long lesions. Definite overall ST was 0.9%, and 1.2% in patients treated for type B2/C lesions. Multivariate logistic regression analysis identified stenting on unprotected LMT (OR = 4.80), stenting on ISR lesion (OR = 3.19) and need for rotational atherectomy (OR = 6.24) as the strongest independent predictors of TLF.
CONCLUSIONS: The results of this national all-comers registry show that the Ultimaster® BP-SES real-world performance was comparable with that observed in the clinical trial, with low rate of primary endpoint and TLR. Long term follow-up will be necessary to prove the theoretical advantage of the BP-SES over time.
- Absorbable Implants/trends
- Anti-Bacterial Agents/administration & dosage
- Drug-Eluting Stents/trends
- Follow-Up Studies
- Heart Diseases/diagnosis
- Middle Aged
- Population Surveillance/methods
- Retrospective Studies
- Sirolimus/administration & dosage
- Time Factors
- Treatment Outcome