One-year neurodevelopmental outcome of very and late preterm infants: Risk factors and correlation with maternal stress

Maria Franca Coletti, Barbara Caravale, Corinna Gasparini, Francesco Franco, Francesca Campi, Andrea Dotta

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Although "late preterm" (LP) newborns (33-36 weeks of gestational age) represent more than 70% of all preterm labors, little is known about the relation between certain risk factors and developmental outcomes in LP compared to "very preterm" (≤32 weeks) children (VP).This study investigates: (1) LP and VP infants' development at 12 months of corrected age (CA) using the Bayley Scales of Infant Development - 3rd Edition (BSID-III); (2) correlation between BSID-III performances and maternal stress (using Parenting Stress Index-Short Form, PSI-SF) among LP and VP at 12 months CA; and (3) the link between known neonatal and demographic risk factors and developmental outcomes of LP and VP infants.For both LP and VP infants the Mean Cognitive (LP: 102.69. ±. 7.68; VP: 103.63. ±. 10.68), Language (LP: 96.23. ±. 10.08; VP: 99.10. ±. 10.37) and Motor (LP: 91.11. ±. 10.33; VP: 93.85. ±. 10.17) composite scores were in the normal range, without significant differences between the groups. Correlations between PSI-SF and BSID-III showed that in the VP group (but not LP), Language score was negatively related to the PSI-SF 'Difficult Child' scale (. r=. -.34, p

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)11-20
Number of pages10
JournalInfant Behavior and Development
Volume39
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 1 2015

Keywords

  • Bayley III
  • Child development
  • Late preterm
  • Maternal stress

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Medicine(all)

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