Online artifact removal for brain-computer interfaces using support vector machines and blind source separation

Sebastian Halder, Michael Bensch, Jürgen Mellinger, Martin Bogdan, Andrea Kübler, Niels Birbaumer, Wolfgang Rosenstiel

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

We propose a combination of blind source separation (BSS) and independent component analysis (ICA) (signal decomposition into artifacts and nonartifacts) with support vector machines (SVMs) (automatic classification) that are designed for online usage. In order to select a suitable BSS/ICA method, three ICA algorithms (JADE, Infomax, and FastICA) and one BSS algorithm (AMUSE) are evaluated to determine their ability to isolate electromyographic (EMG) and electrooculographic (EOG) artifacts into individual components. An implementation of the selected BSS/ICA method with SVMs trained to classify EMG and EOG artifacts, which enables the usage of the method as a filter in measurements with online feedback, is described. This filter is evaluated on three BCI datasets as a proof-of-concept of the method.

Original languageEnglish
Article number82069
JournalComputational Intelligence and Neuroscience
Volume2007
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2007

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Computer Science(all)
  • Mathematics(all)
  • Neuroscience(all)

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