Open and endovascular elective treatment of abdominal aortic aneurysms: a real-world experience

Daniela Mazzaccaro, Giovanni Nano, Alberto M. Settembrini, Michele Carmo, Raffaello Dallatana, Simone Salvati, Giovanni Malacrida, Piergiorgio G. Settembrini

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Purpose: To present a real-world experience of the elective treatment of abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAAs) using both open repair (OR) and endovascular repair (EVAR). Methods: Data from patients treated consecutively between January 1, 2000 and December 31, 2014 were collected retrospectively and reviewed. The primary outcomes were 30-day mortality and complication rates, freedom from reintervention, and survival in the long-term. Results: We analyzed data on 1112 patients (660 EVAR, 452 OR). The 30-day mortality and complications rates were higher after OR than after EVAR (2.9 vs. 1.1%, P =.03 and 24.7 vs. 1.1%, P <.0001, respectively). At 10 years, survival was 66.1 ± 3.2% after OR and 78.1 ± 2.2% after EVAR (P =.0006) and freedom from reintervention was 93.5 ± 1.8% after OR and 88.4 ± 1.8% after EVAR (P =.005). The preoperative aneurysm diameter was significantly associated with the development of type Ia endoleaks after EVAR (P <.0001) and of a proximal pseudoaneurysm after OR (P <.0001). Conclusion: In the long-term, EVAR was associated with higher reintervention rates, but better survival than OR. The preoperative AAA diameter was the most important predictor of the development of endoleaks after EVAR and proximal pseudoaneurysm after OR.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1347-1355
Number of pages9
JournalSurgery Today
Volume47
Issue number11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 1 2017
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Abdominal aortic aneurysm
  • Endovascular repair
  • Long-term results
  • Open repair
  • Real-world experience

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery

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