Open aortic valvotomy for congenital aortic stenosis. Late results

P. Presbitero, J. Somerville, R. Revel-Chion, D. Ross

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Forty-nine consecutive patients, aged 2 to 28 years, were followed after open aortic valvotomy. Three late deaths occurred in relation to reoperation. Seventeen reoperations were performed 2 to 14 years after valvotomy for severe stenosis in 12 patients, aortic regurgitation in three patients, and aortic stenosis and regurgitation in two patients. Among the 12 patients who required reoperation for severe obstruction, five aged over 19 years had calcified valves with normal aortic roots and valve replacement was simple. Seven had tunnel obstruction with a hypoplastic aortic root, constituting a difficult surgical problem, and necessitating total aortic root replacement in four. The postoperative course after simple aortic valvotomy is determined by several factors; the basic pathological form of the obstruction is the most important. Those who present in the first decade with lumpy valves and small aortic roots tend to form a diffuse tunnel obstruction when residual stenosis remains after valvotomy offers good early results with a low mortality, it should be regarded as palliative as all patients will ultimately require reoperation. Younger patients with lumpy valves and a small aortic root have more problems and may require different initial management.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)26-34
Number of pages9
JournalBritish Heart Journal
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 1982

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine


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