The 4q deletion syndrome shows varying phenotype, ranging from severe and complex malformations, unconformable with life, to more specific findings, as genitourinary, gastrointestinal and cardiac malformations, cleft palate,microcephaly, hypertelorism and abnormal ears and limbs. Strabismus, nystagmus, ophthalmoplegia, and optic nerve anomalies have been rarely described in literature. We report an original case of simultaneous deletion and duplication of chromosome 4q, confirmed by SNPs-array analysis of DNA, and characterized by a previously unreported association between optic nerve hypoplasia and progressive external ophthalmoplegia.
- Optic nerve
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health