The effect of recombinant human tumor necrosis factor α (TNF-α) on normal and chronic myeloid leukemia granulocyte-macrophage progenitors (CFU-GM) growing in semisolid agar cultures in the presence of recombinant granulocyte colony-stimulating factor and granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor was studied. Granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor-dependent growth of normal and chronic myeloid leukemia bone marrow CFU-GM was greatly enhanced by TNF-α at doses of 0.1 to 100 units/ml. Growth enhancement included neutrophil, eosinophil, and monocyte-macrophage colonies and clusters at 7 and 14 days of culture. Since similar results were achieved with highly enriched progenitor cell populations, devoid of accessory cells, an indirect effect on CFU-GM growth through the release by accessory cells of other cytokines upon TNF-α stimulation was thus ruled out. By contrast, the same doses of TNF-α inhibited the growth of normal CFU-GM in granulocyte colony-stimulating factor-dependent cultures. Taken together, our findings indicate that the final effect of TNF-α on normal bone marrow granulocyte-macrophage progenitor growth is dependent on the specific growth factor interacting with it, and that both normal and chronic myeloid leukemia CFU-GM are equally responsive to the combined effects of TNF-α and a given colony-stimulating factor.
|Number of pages||7|
|Publication status||Published - 1990|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research