Optical coherence tomography and pathological myopia: an update of the literature

Maria Vittoria Cicinelli, Luisa Pierro, Marco Gagliardi, Francesco Bandello

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The purpose of this paper is to give an updated review of the last clinical entities in pathological myopia proposed by means of new generation optical coherence tomography (OCT), including enhanced depth imaging (EDI-OCT) and swept source OCT (SS-OCT). PubMed and Google engine search were carried out using the terms “pathological myopia” associated with “coherence tomography,” “enhanced depth imaging,” and “swept source OCT.” Latest publications up to Jan 2015 about myopia-related complications, including open-angle chronic glaucoma, peripapillary retinal changes, acquired macular diseases, and choroidal neovascularization, have been reviewed. New OCT technologies have led to a greater insight in pathophysiology of high-grade myopia. However, further investigation is needed in order to prevent irreversible visual loss and optic nerve damage.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)897-902
Number of pages6
JournalInternational Ophthalmology
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - Dec 1 2015


  • Dome-shaped macula
  • Myopic CNV
  • Myopic macular hole
  • Optical coherence tomography
  • Pathologic myopia

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ophthalmology


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