Optical coherence tomography in Best vitelliform macular dystrophy

M Battaglia Parodi, P Iacono, Francesco Romano, G Bolognesi, F Fasce, F Bandello

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Purpose: To analyze spectral-domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT)-specific findings in the different stages of vitelliform macular dystrophy (VMD). Methods: Thirty-seven patients were prospectively recruited. All the patients underwent a complete ophthalmologic examination, including best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA), biomicroscopy, and SD-OCT. The examined findings were vitelliform material, neurosensory detachment, intraretinal hyperreflective foci, and the status of external limiting membrane, ellipsoid zone, and retinal pigment epithelium. The primary outcome was the stratification of SD-OCT findings in each VMD stage. Secondary outcomes included the description of different characteristics related to intraretinal hyperreflective foci. Results: Outer retinal layers were preserved almost exclusively in stage 1 (range 70%-100%), whereas their disruption and absence were typical of stages 2 to 4 (83%-100%) and stage 5 (67%-83%), respectively. Vitelliform material was found always in stages 2 and 3, 89% of stage 4, and rarely in stage 5 (33%). Neurosensory detachment was to some extent representative of stages 3 and 4 (80% and 72%, respectively) when compared with the other stages (p
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)201-204
Number of pages4
JournalEuropean Journal of Ophthalmology
Volume27
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017

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