Optimal descriptor as a translator of eclectic information into the prediction of membrane damage: The case of a group of ZnO and TiO2 nanoparticles

Alla P. Toropova, Andrey A. Toropov, Emilio Benfenati, Tomasz Puzyn, Danuta Leszczynska, Jerzy Leszczynski

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The development of quantitative structure-activity relationships for nanomaterials needs representation of molecular structure of extremely complex molecular systems. Obviously, various characteristics of nanomaterial could impact associated biochemical endpoints. Following features of TiO2 and ZnO nanoparticles (n=42) are considered here: (i) engineered size (nm); (ii) size in water suspension (nm); (iii) size in phosphate buffered saline (PBS, nm); (iv) concentration (mg/L); and (v) zeta potential (mV). The damage to cellular membranes (units/L) is selected as an endpoint. Quantitative features-activity relationships (QFARs) are calculated by the Monte Carlo technique for three distributions of data representing values associated with membrane damage into the training and validation sets. The obtained models are characterized by the following average statistics: 0.782training2validation2 and ZnO.•Optimal descriptors were used to build up a predictive model for membrane damage.•The optimal descriptor is a mathematical function of physicochemical NPs features.•The statistical quality of the model is quite good.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)203-209
Number of pages7
JournalEcotoxicology and Environmental Safety
Volume108
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014

Keywords

  • Membrane damage
  • Monte Carlo method
  • Nanoparticle
  • QFAR
  • QSAR

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Pollution
  • Medicine(all)

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