Optimal follow-up intervals in active surveillance of renal masses in patients with von Hippel-Lindau disease

Fabio Pomerri, Giuseppe Opocher, Chiara Dal Bosco, Pier Carlo Muzzio, Gisella Gennaro

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Objectives: To estimate an optimal follow-up (FU) interval for von Hippel-Lindau (VHL) patients with renal masses (RMs) by determining tumour growth rates from growth curves. Methods: Thirty lesions (47.6 %) were classified as solid tumours (STs) and 33 (52.4 %) as complex cysts (CCs). Variations in lesion volume over time were analyzed. For 53 lesions, we calculated the growth rate during the period when the volume of the lesion changed most rapidly, and called this the fast growth rate (FGR). Results: The STs initially grew fast, followed by a period of slower growth. The CCs varied in volume over time, associated with variable amounts of their fluid component. The FGR correlated better with the latest volume for STs (r = 0.905) than for CCs (r = 0.780). An optimal FU interval between 3 and 12 months was derived by combining the FGR calculated from the curve with the latest volume measured. Conclusions: Analyzing growth curves and related kinetic parameters for RMs in VHL patients could be useful with a view to optimizing the subsequent FU interval and improving the active surveillance program. Key Points: • Measuring volume changes over time enables tumour growth curves to be charted. • Renal solid tumours increase in volume with a typical sigmoidal curve. • Complex cysts may increase and decrease in volume spontaneously over time. • The fast growth rate of solid tumours correlates with their latest volume. • The fast growth rate can orient the scheduling of subsequent follow-ups.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2025-2032
Number of pages8
JournalEuropean Radiology
Issue number7
Publication statusPublished - Jul 8 2015


  • Active surveillance
  • Growth curve
  • Magnetic resonance imaging
  • Renal mass
  • von Hippel-Lindau disease

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Medicine(all)


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