Results from randomized trials evaluating taxane versus non-taxane containing regimens in adjuvant breast cancer treatment indicate an advantage in DFS and OS for the taxane-arms, but the best schedule of administration, in combination with anthracyclines or in sequence, is still a debated issue, even if the sequential strategy appears to be less toxic. Up to now, the majority of clinical trials employed the "standard" sequence, with anthracycline-based combinations first, followed by taxanes. Few small phase II trials evaluated the reverse sequence, with taxanes administered first, most of them in metastatic or neoadjuvant setting, suggesting efficacy and lower toxicity. An important issue to be considered is the hypothesized differences in the ability of the drugs to induce cross-resistance to each other, as suggested by data of a preclinical study, and from clinical study with a cross-over design; results of these trials suggest that the best strategy would be to administer a taxane prior to an anthracycline, also according to the Norton and Simon hypothesis. Moreover, trials evaluating the best sequence of anthracyclines and taxanes in adjuvant breast cancer setting are of small sample size, and an adequately powered randomized phase III trial is needed before definitive conclusions are reached.
|Number of pages||4|
|Publication status||Published - Nov 2008|
- Adjuvant treatment
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