Cyclosporine (CsA) dosing is based on CsA plasma or blood concentrations measured 12 to 24 hours after drug administration (trough levels). This study evaluated the relationship between the timing of CsA concentrations and subsequent pharmacokinetic parameters to predict an optimal sampling period. Plasma samples were obtained from 22 patients before their morning dose of CsA and at 2, 4, 6, 8, 10, and 12 hours after the dose on the 7th and on the 21st day after heart transplantation. The plasma samples were assayed by both HPLC and FPIA. The Cmax for CsA was achieved over a period ranging from 2 to 6 hours (mean/median = 4.7/4.0) during the day 7 and the day 21 studies. The mean (±SD) half-life was 3.2 (1.0) hours on day 7 and 2.9 (1.1) hours on day 21, (P > 0.05); the mean apparent oral clearance was 276 (117) L/hr on the day 7 and 269 (209) L/hr on day 21, (P > 0.05). When CsA plasma concentration by either FPIA and HPLC was monitored, the drug concentration best correlated with AUC was found to correspond to the plasma samples taken 4 to 8 bours after drug administration. The authors conclude that trouth blood sampling for therapeutic drug monitoring of CsA is not optimal, and that further studies are necessary to correlate concentration monitoring during the dosing interval with tharmacologic and toxicologic parameters.
|Number of pages||4|
|Journal||Journal of Clinical Pharmacology|
|Publication status||Published - 1992|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pharmacology (medical)
- Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutics(all)