To optimize the labeling and visualization of PCR products we tested different variables, including deoxynucleotide concentration and ratio, dilution of labeled product, number of PCR cycles, and use of one-step or nested labeling protocols. Labeling was achieved using a fixed amount of labeled dATP, whose relative specific activity was varied by adding increasing amounts of cold dATP. Optimal PCR-labeling intensity was reached at dATP concentrations between 0.9 and 7.0 μmol/L, with a peak at 1.8 μmol/L. This concentration corresponded to an optimal ratio between the increase in specific activity and the decrease in DNA yield. Nucleotide imbalances >1:2 were not advantageous. Mutational analysis by single-strand conformational polymorphism (SSCP) was used to validate PCR-labeling protocols. The limiting nucleotide concentrations did not affect SSCP. Clear SSCP patterns were obtained using DNA templates of different sizes derived from several genes. SSCP patterns obtained using one-step or nested PCR- labeling protocols were equivalent and were visualized after overnight exposure, using [α35S]dATP as the label. Dilutions of labeled products ranging between 1:10 and 1:2.5 influenced SSCP patterns, and the lowest dilution tested produced better-defined and more-intense signals. Optimized SSCP conditions allowed the detection of novel and previously characterized nucleotide variants. Clear microsatellite typing was also obtained using optimized protocols and [α35S]dATP as the label.
|Number of pages||7|
|Publication status||Published - 1998|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Clinical Biochemistry