Optokinetic stimulation affects both vertical and horizontal deficits of position sense in unilateral neglect

G. Vallar, C. Guariglia, L. Magnotti, L. Pizzamiglio

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The effects of optokinetic stimulation on the disorders of position sense in the horizontal and vertical planes were assessed in 24 patients with unilateral cerebral lesions (eight right brain-damaged patients with visuo-spatial hemineglect, eight right brain-damaged patients without neglect, eight left brain-damaged patients without neglect). In neglect patients, the position sense disorder was more severe, and affected by optokinetic stimulation in a direction-specific fashion. In both the horizontal and the vertical plane, and in both arms, stimulation with a direction of the movement contralateral to the side of the lesion improved the disorder, whereas stimulation with an ipsilateral direction worsened the deficit. The suggestion is made that in patients with neglect the disorder of position sense is produced, at least in part, by an ipsilateral distortion of an egocentric co-ordinate system, comprising both the horizontal and the vertical dimension, which may be affected by direction-specific optokinetic stimuli.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)669-683
Number of pages15
JournalCortex
Volume31
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 1995

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Experimental and Cognitive Psychology
  • Neuropsychology and Physiological Psychology
  • Cognitive Neuroscience
  • Neuroscience(all)

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