Oral beclometasone dipropionate in the treatment of active ulcerative colitis: A double-blind placebo-controlled study

F. Rizzello, P. Gionchetti, A. D'Arienzo, F. Manguso, G. Di Matteo, V. Annese, D. Valpiani, T. Casetti, S. Adamo, A. Prada, G. N. Castiglione, G. Varoli, M. Campieri

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Aim: To evaluate efficacy and safety of oral beclometasone dipropionate (BDP) when added to 5-ASA in the treatment of patients with active ulcerative colitis. Methods: In a 4-week, placebo-controlled, double-blind study, patients with extensive or left-sided mild to moderate active ulcerative colitis were randomized to receive oral 5-ASA (3.2 g/day) plus BDP (5 mg/day) or placebo. Clinical, endoscopic and histologic features, and haematochemical parameters were recorded at baseline and at the end of the study. Results: One hundred and nineteen patients were enrolled and randomly treated with BDP plus 5-ASA (n = 58) or placebo plus 5-ASA (n = 61). Both treatment groups showed a statistically significant decrease of disease activity index (DAI) and histology score at the end of treatment (P = 0.001, each). DAI score was lower in the BDP group than in the placebo group (P = 0.014), with more patients in clinical remission in the BDP group (58.6% vs. 34.4%, P = 0.008). Serum cortisol levels significantly decreased in BDP group vs. baseline (P = 0.002), but without signs of pituitary-adrenal function depletion. A low incidence of adverse events was observed in both groups. Conclusions: Oral BDP in combination with oral 5-ASA is significantly more effective than 5-ASA alone in the treatment of patients with extensive or left-sided active ulcerative colitis.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1109-1116
Number of pages8
JournalAlimentary Pharmacology and Therapeutics
Volume16
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2002

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology (medical)
  • Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutics(all)

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    Rizzello, F., Gionchetti, P., D'Arienzo, A., Manguso, F., Di Matteo, G., Annese, V., Valpiani, D., Casetti, T., Adamo, S., Prada, A., Castiglione, G. N., Varoli, G., & Campieri, M. (2002). Oral beclometasone dipropionate in the treatment of active ulcerative colitis: A double-blind placebo-controlled study. Alimentary Pharmacology and Therapeutics, 16(6), 1109-1116. https://doi.org/10.1046/j.1365-2036.2002.01298.x