Oral health conditions in Italian special olympics athletes

Claudia Dellavia, Cristina Allievi, Andrea Pallavera, Riccardo Rosati, Chiarella Sforza

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

During three Italian Special Olympics National Games, 365 athletes were screened. Dental and medical conditions and demographic data were recorded. The athletes were divided into two groups: those with Down syndrome (DS) and those without DS but who had intellectual disabilities (non-DS). Most of the subjects were in good systemic health. Total DMFt was 10.3 (SD 5.8; D = 1.3; M = 6.1; F = 2.8). Decayed and filled teeth were significantly more frequent in athletes who did not have DS compared to those with DS. No significant differences were found between the two groups in the number of subjects with filled, sealed, or traumatized teeth. Athletes with DS and without DS who participated in the Italian Special Olympics had a similar oral status, which was better than Italian persons who were institutionalized and who had an intellectual disability.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)69-74
Number of pages6
JournalSpecial Care in Dentistry
Volume29
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2009

Keywords

  • Down syndrome
  • Epidemiology
  • Intellectual disability
  • Oral screening
  • Special Olympics

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Dentistry(all)

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