Oral lichen planus and malignant transformation: A longitudinal cohort study

Gian Paolo Bombeccari, Gianpaolo Guzzi, Mauro Tettamanti, Aldo Bruno Giann, Alessandro Baj, Francesco Pallotti, Francesco Spadari

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Objective: Oral lichen planus (OLP) is associated with risk for developing oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC). We performed a 7-year prospective study to assess the incidence of malignant transformation of OLP among adults. Study design: Three hundred twenty-seven OLP patients, 229 women (70.0%) and 98 men (30.0%), were observed during the follow-up period. Results: During a mean follow-up of 81.7 months, 8 of 327 patients developed an OSCC in OLP areas (0.36%/y), yielding the high overall standardized incidence ratio of 17.7 (95% confidence interval [CI] 8.8-35.3). The standardized incidence ratio for OSCC was significantly higher in women [27.0 (95% CI 11.2-64.8)] than in men [11.2 (95% CI 3.6-34.9)]. Six OSCCs were well differentiated (75%) and 2 moderately differentiated (25%). Three subjects (37.5%) developed recurrences within 2 years (mean 16.1 ± 3.5 months). Disease-free survival rate after 69.8 months was 97.3%. Conclusions: OLP was associated with a significant increase in the risk for OSCC. Close surveillance may help to reduce the morbidity of OSCC arising from OLP at 24 months.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)328-334
Number of pages7
JournalOral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology, Oral Radiology, and Endodontics
Volume112
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2011

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Otorhinolaryngology
  • Surgery
  • Dentistry(all)
  • Oral Surgery

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