Oral polyunsaturated phosphatidylcholine reduces platelet lipid and cholesterol contents in healthy volunteers

C. Galli, E. Tremoli, E. Giani, P. Maderna, G. Gianfranceschi, C. R. Sirtori

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The effects of orally administered polyunsaturated phosphatidylcholine (PPC) on plasma lipids, lipoproteins and platelet function and composition were studied in seven healthy male volunteers. PPC (Nattermann & Cie, GmbH, Cologne, Federal Republic of Germany), 10 g/day, was given for a 6-week period after a 4-week wash out; laboratory tests were repeated after a further 4-week period after the end of treatment. PPC did not appear, during treatment, to modify the levels of plasma total cholesterol and triglycerides. High density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol levels were, however, increased after six weeks of PPC. The most dramatic changes occurred in platelet membrane composition: the total lipid/total protein and the cholesterol/protein ratios were reduced significantly, whereas increases of the phospholipid/total lipid ratio and of the linoleic acid membrane content were observed. Platelet function tests, both in whole blood and in platelet rich plasma, were not modified. Similarly, the thromboxane B2 formation after standard stimuli and the sensitivity to exogenous prostaglandin I2 also were unchanged. During the final wash out period following treatment, a reduction of plasma total and low density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol levels also was recorded. PPC appears to be capable of modulating lipid exchanges between cell membranes and the plasma compartment.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)561-566
Number of pages6
JournalLipids
Volume20
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 1985

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Biochemistry
  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Food Science
  • Organic Chemistry
  • Cell Biology

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