Orange juice intake during a fatty meal consumption reduces the postprandial low-grade inflammatory response in healthy subjects

C. Cerletti, F. Gianfagna, C. Tamburrelli, A. De Curtis, M. D'Imperio, W. Coletta, L. Giordano, R. Lorenzet, P. Rapisarda, G. Reforgiato Recupero, D. Rotilio, L. Iacoviello, G. De Gaetano, M. B. Donati

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Abstract

Background and Aims: Evidence associates polyphenol-rich foods to reduction of low-grade inflammation and mortality for cardiovascular disease, the mechanisms underlying such effects being still unclear. Consumption of a fatty meal by healthy volunteers induces rapid and reversible low-grade inflammation. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the effect of orange juice on cellular modifications induced by a fatty meal. Methods and Results: 18 apparently healthy subjects consumed a fatty meal, during which they drunk orange juice, either blond or red, or water, according to a randomized cross-over design. Two hours after the end of the fattymeal, bothwhite blood cell(WBC) and platelet counts significantly increased (12.5 and 5 %, respectively), while mean platelet volume decreased and a 25% release of myeloperoxidase (MPO) from polymorphonuclear leukocyte occurred. Both juices significantly prevented WBC increase and MPO degranulation, in respect to control. Triglycerides significantly increased (42%) after the fatty meal, but at a lower extent when red orange juice was consumed with themeal (20%), in respect to blond orange juice or control. This effect was statistically significant in the subgroup of 8 subjects with hypertriglyceridemia. Vascular stiffness (augmentation index), measured by Endo-PAT2000, significantly decreased after the meal only in conjunction with red orange juice. Conclusion: In healthy subjects the concomitant intake of orange juice may prevent the low-grade inflammatory reaction induced by a fatty meal, at cellular and possibly at vascular function levels. The relative role of different polyphenols on the observed effects of orange juices remains to be established.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)255-259
Number of pages5
JournalThrombosis Research
Volume135
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 1 2015

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Keywords

  • Fatty meal
  • Low-grade inflammation
  • Myeloperoxidase
  • Orange juice
  • Vascular function

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Hematology
  • Medicine(all)

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