Organizational aspects of donor procurement activity in the North Italy Transplant programme (NITp)

M. Cardillo, C. Martini, F. Lusenti, G. Frova, V. Gravame, C. Pizzi, M. Scalamogna, P. G. Sironi, G. Sirchia

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


In Italy, organ procurement is insufficient to meet patient need. The aim of this study was to estimate the potential donor pool, quantify nonused donors, identify causes of nonretrieval, and evaluate the impact of some hospital organizational problems on organ procurement. In 1995 a questionnaire was sent to 103 intensive care units (ICUs) in 92 hospitals of the NITp area. Out of 432 potential donors identified, 239 (55.3%) were used. Causes of nonretrieval included family refusal (51.7%), clinical reasons (43.9%) and organizational problems (4.4%). In comparison with 1990 and 1993 data, a higher percentage of donors were used and the donors lost for organizational reasons had decreased significantly, while no significant differences were observed in the number of donors lost for family refusal and for clinical reasons. The marked improvement in donor procurement in NITp from 1990 to 1995 was probably as result of measures aimed at motivating ICU personnel and solving their organizational difficulties.

Original languageEnglish
JournalTransplant International
Issue numberSUPPL. 1
Publication statusPublished - 1998


  • Organ donors
  • Organ shortage
  • Transplantation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Transplantation


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