Orienting of visual attention in dyslexia: Evidence for asymmetric hemispheric control of attention

A. Facoetti, M. Turatto, M. L. Lorusso, G. G. Mascetti

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

105 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The control of attentional orienting was studied in children with specific reading disorder (SRD) or dyslexia, and it was compared with that of normal readers. We used the covert orienting paradigm to measure subjects' reaction times for target detection both in valid and invalid cue conditions, either in the left or in the right visual fields. In experiment 1, we investigated exogenous orienting. The cue consisted of a peripheral abrupt onset and the cue-target delay was 350 ms. As compared with normal readers, in dyslexics the cue effect was absent in the right visual field, whereas in the left visual field a greater cue effect was observed. No visual field asymmetry was found in normal readers. In experiment 2, we investigated endogenous orienting. The cue was shown centrally and the cue-target delay was 750 ms. In dyslexics and normal readers, orienting of attention was present in both visual fields. However, in the invalid condition, dyslexic children showed significantly slower reaction times in the left visual field than in the right visual field. These results were interpreted as being due to an asymmetric control of visual spatial attention, possibly related with a posterior attention mechanism deficit in the right parietal cortex and/or an interhemispheric dysfunction and/or an impairment of cerebellar functions.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)46-53
Number of pages8
JournalExperimental Brain Research
Volume138
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2001

Fingerprint

Dyslexia
Visual Fields
Cues
Reaction Time
Parietal Lobe

Keywords

  • Dyslexia
  • Orienting of attention
  • Reaction time
  • Spatial attention
  • Visual asymmetry

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)

Cite this

Orienting of visual attention in dyslexia : Evidence for asymmetric hemispheric control of attention. / Facoetti, A.; Turatto, M.; Lorusso, M. L.; Mascetti, G. G.

In: Experimental Brain Research, Vol. 138, No. 1, 2001, p. 46-53.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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